DESIGN AND ART PROMOTING SOCIALLY RESPONSIBLE RECYCLING: THE ANALYSIS OF A COLLABORATIVE ACTION TO SUPPORT WASTE PICKERS IN NEW YORK CITY
Palavras-chave:Waste management, Recycling, Waste pickers, Collaborative action, Social design
ResumoThe possibility of recovering discarded materials and selling them for revenue leads many individuals worldwide to engage in waste collection. This situation is observed in New York City, where waste pickers collect discarded beverage containers in the streets. Although contributing to recycling in the city, these workers face political and social obstacles. This study aims to investigate actions that support waste pickers worldwide, as well as their potential for exchange. Some specific goals are to examine the development of a Brazilian project in the context of recycling in the USA, and to evaluate the social and environmental outcomes of a design and art collaborative action. The methodology for this research-and-practice based study comprises a theoretical review, a field research to gather qualitative data, and a case study of an action promoted within the scope of this work. When analysing the results of this study, the contribution of design and art action is evidenced, and three important findings are highlighted: the relevance of a sense of identity for waste pickers; the importance of waste pickers being visible within the urban environment; and the potential for changes in the interactions between waste pickers and other citizens. Finally, this study accomplishes the goals of employing design and art to promote a socio-environmental action based on a collaborative model, and of evaluating the outcomes of this experience exchange between a Brazilian project and a NYC based organization.
GOWAN, T. American Untouchables: Homeless scavengers in San Francisco’s underground economy. International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy 17 (3/4): 159-190, 1997. doi: 10.1108/eb013304.
GROW NYC. Recycling Facts. Accessed May 8, 2016. Available at http://www.grownyc.org/recycling/facts
HARLAND, R., SANTOS, M. C. L. Working with waste to dignify Human existence through collage as spontaneous design. In: Design, waste & dignity. Coord. SANTOS, M. C. L. São Paulo, Ed. Olhares, 2014.
LYNCH, K. Wasting away. San Francisco, Sierra Club Books, 1990.
NAGLE, R. Picking up: on the streets and behind the trucks with the sanitation workers of New York City. New York City, Farrar, Straus and Giroux, 2013.
NYC MAYOR’S OFFICE OF SUSTAINABILITY. Waste and recycling. Accessed May 8, 2016. Available at http://www.nyc.gov/html/planyc/html/sustainability/waste-recycling.shtml
NYC DEPARTMENT OF SANITATION. New York City Curbside Waste Characterisation Study. New York City, 2013. Accessed May 8, 2016. Available at https://www1.nyc.gov/assets/dsny/docs/2013-Waste-Characterization-Study.pdf
NYS DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION. New York’s Bottle Bill. Accessed May 8, 2016. Available at http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/8500.html
DSNY. Stealing Recycling’s Future. 2012. Accessed January 8, 2016. Available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hAM-tW-uuIU
PEREIRA, M. C. G., TEIXEIRA, M. A. C. Struggle for recognition and public policies: An analysis of the experience of pickers belonging to Asmare in Belo Horizonte (state of Minas Gerais) 1987-2010. Design, Waste & Dignity, coord. Maria Cecilia Loschiavo dos Santos. São Paulo, Ed. Olhares, 2014.
PIMPEX NY. Pimpex and Sure We Can: Visibility for NYC canners. 2016. Accessed January 8, 2017. Available at https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/pimpex-and-sure-we-can-visibility-for-nyc-canners#/
SMITH, N. Contours of a Spatialized Politics: Homeless Vehicles and the Production of Geographical Scale. Social Text (33): 54-81, 1992. doi: 10.2307/466434
SURE WE CAN. Sure We Can. Accessed April 21, 2016. Available at http:/www.surewecan.org/
TEODOSIO, A. S. S., DIAS, S. L. F. G. Recycling at the interstice of intersectorial relations: the national policy of solid wastes and challenges for the social, productive inclusion of pickers. In: Design, waste & dignity. Coord. SANTOS, M. C. L. São Paulo, Ed. Olhares, 2014.
US ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY. Advancing sustainable materials management: facts and figures 2013. New York City, 2015. Accessed May 8, 2016. Source: https://www.epa.gov/sites/production/files/2015-09/documents/2013_advncng_smm_rpt.pdf
WILSON, D. C. Development drivers for waste management. Waste Manag Res. 25 (3): 198-207, 2007. doi: 10.1177/0734242X07079149.
Aviso de Direito Autoral Creative Commons
1. Política para Periódicos de Acesso Livre
Autores que publicam nesta revista concordam com os seguintes termos:
a. Autores mantém os direitos autorais e concedem à revista o direito de primeira publicação, com o trabalho simultaneamente licenciado sob a Licença Creative Commons Attribution que permite o compartilhamento do trabalho com reconhecimento da autoria e publicação inicial nesta revista.
b. Autores têm autorização para assumir contratos adicionais separadamente, para distribuição não-exclusiva da versão do trabalho publicada nesta revista (ex.: publicar em repositório institucional ou como capítulo de livro), com reconhecimento de autoria e publicação inicial nesta revista.
c. Autores têm permissão e são estimulados a publicar e distribuir seu trabalho online (ex.: em repositórios institucionais ou na sua página pessoal) a qualquer ponto após o processo editorial, já que isso pode gerar alterações produtivas, bem como aumentar o impacto e a citação do trabalho publicado (Veja O Efeito do Acesso Livre).