On the role of the simple natures in Descartes’ metaphysics

William de Jesus Teixeira

Resumo


The aim of this paper is to analyze and challenge Jean-Luc Marion’s thesis about the relationship between the doctrine of the simple natures and Cartesian metaphysics. First, I will point out some problems with the structuralist method underlining Marion’s approach. Next, I will show that it is impossible to turn epistemological notions (simple natures) into the cogito, an ontological notion. Finally, I will conclude by suggesting that, contrary to what Marion thinks, in turning the simple natures into the cogito, Descartes was adopting an argumentative strategy very common to Augustine’s thought.


Palavras-chave


Descartes; J. L. Marion; Augustine; Simple natures; Cogito.

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Referências


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TEIXEIRA, William. The Metaphysics of Augustine and the foundation of the Cartesian science. Cadernos Espinosanos. São Paulo: n. 37, jul-dez 2017, pp. 291-313.

WILSON, Catherine. Descartes and Augustine. In: BROUGHTON, J; CARRIERO, J. P., (Org.), A Companion to Descartes, Malden, MA: Willey-Blackwell, pp. 33-51, 2011.


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