Grupos Balint e o processo de aprendizagem em medicina


  • Victor Camilo Cavalcante Dattoli Escola de Saúde Pública da Prefeitura Municipal de Florianópolis
  • Bruno Guimarães Tannus Escola de Saúde Pública da Prefeitura Municipal de Florianópolis



grupo Balint, educação médica, residência médica


Os grupos Balint são uma ferramenta clínica importante no cotidiano dos profissionais da saúde, principalmente dos médicos. Surgiu com o objetivo de ajudar médicos generalistas a alcançar uma melhor compreensão do que foi chamado de "aspecto psicológico" da prática médica geral, sendo observada considerável mudança em suas ideias e atitudes nas relações interpessoais com a utilização destes grupos. Na formação médica, todavia, o processo de aprendizagem frequentemente é baseado em protocolos clínicos centrados nas doenças, algo que costuma enfraquecer a empatia e a própria relação médico-paciente. Balint criou, através dos grupos que hoje levam seu nome, uma forma de resgatar o ensino da medicina centrada na pessoa. Estudantes e médicos (incluindo residentes) que participam de grupos Balint geralmente desenvolvem maiores habilidades no tocante à empatia e aos relacionamentos interpessoais; ademais, sofrem menos de “burnout”. Portanto, motivá-los a envolverem-se com a ferramenta desenvolvida por Balint é de suma importância para qualificar sua formação profissional, favorecendo o trabalho com pacientes na perspectiva da integralidade.


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